Resistance in Series

When two or more resistances are connected end to end consecutively, they are said to be connected in series. Figure 1 shows four resistances R1, R2, R3 and R4 which are connected in series. Resistances in series is denoted pictorially as shown in figure 2.

Fig. 1 Resistances in Series


Fig. 2

According to the law of combination of resistances in series, the combined resistance of any number of resistances connected in series is equal to the sum of the individual resistances.

For example, if a number of resistances R1, R2, R3, R4, ……….. , are connected in series, then the resultant resistance R is given by

R = R1+ R2+ R3+ R4+ ………..

Let 5 Resistances R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 are connected in series. R1= 5 Ω, R2= 3Ω, R3= 7Ω, R4= 4Ω, R= 10 Ω

Calculate combined resistance?

As we know that, if a number of resistances are connected in series, then the resultant resistance R is given by

R = R1+ R2+ R3+ R4+ R5

R = 5 + 3 + 7 + 4 + 10

R = 29 Ω

Following points should be remember

When a number of resistances are connected in series then

1. the sum of the potential differences across all the resistances is equal to the applied battery voltage.

2. the same current flows through each resistance (which is equal to the current flowing in the whole circuit).

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Adblocker detected! Please consider reading this notice.

We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading.

We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. We do not implement these annoying types of ads!

We need fund to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising.

Please add to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software.