Power Electronics: Introduction & Applications

Power electronics is a combination of two main branches of engineering i.e. power and electronics engineering. Power engineering deals with the generation, transmission, distribution, and utilization of electric energy at high power level whereas electronic engineering deals with the production, transmission, and reception of signals & data at the low power level. Power engineering machines/apparatus … Read morePower Electronics: Introduction & Applications

Power Quality and Related Issues

Power quality refers to maintaining the near sinusoidal waveform of power distribution bus voltages and currents at rated magnitude and frequency. Power quality describes the extent of variation of the voltage, current, harmonics, and frequency of the power system. The poor power quality effects industrial competitiveness drastically and thereby impedes our efforts to turn into … Read morePower Quality and Related Issues

Ground Fault Current Interrupter Protection Circuit

A ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) is a device that cuts off an electric power supply when it detects the ground fault in the system and hence prevents the system from severe damage. The GFCI monitors the current flowing into different phases and neutral. It turns off the power supply by sending a tripping signal … Read moreGround Fault Current Interrupter Protection Circuit

Comparison of Si, SiC, GaN and Sapphire Power Semiconductor Devices

Q. Compare suitability of Si, SiC, GaN, and Sapphire being used for Modern Power Semiconductor Devices? Ans. S.No. Characterisitcs Si SiC (3H)/SiC (6H) GaN Sapphire 1. Energy gap at 300K (eV) 1.12 2.23/2.9 3.2 5.47 2. Maximum operating temperature (°C) 300 873/1240 600 1100 3. Mobility at 300 K — electron — Hole   1350 430 … Read moreComparison of Si, SiC, GaN and Sapphire Power Semiconductor Devices

Comparison of Thyristor, MOSFET & IGBT Devices

  S.No. Characterisitics Thyristor MOSFET IGBT 1. Type of Device Minority carrier Majority carrier Minority carrier 2. Rating very high Voltage, very high Current Medium Voltage, high Current high Voltage, high Current 3. Switching frequency low very high (~ MHz) high (~ 100kHz) 4. On-state drop low higher (increasing) low 5. On-state losses low considerable less … Read moreComparison of Thyristor, MOSFET & IGBT Devices

Comparison of UPS

Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) is of three types. Offline UPS Offline preferred UPS Online UPS S.No. Parameters Offline UPS Offline Preferred UPS (Line interactive UPS) Online UPS 1. Type Sine wave or Quasi-sine wave sine wave sine wave 2. Voltage Mains/regulated voltage (±9%) Regulated voltage (±9%) Constant rated voltage 3. Frequency mains mains constant frequency … Read moreComparison of UPS

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