A **XOR gate** is a gate that gives a true (1 or HIGH) output when the number of true inputs is odd. An XOR gate is also called **exclusive OR gate** or **EXOR**. In a two-input XOR gate, the output is high or true when two inputs are different.

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In Boolean expression, the term XOR is represented by the symbol (⊕) and the Boolean expression is represented as Y = A ⊕ B. It is read as “A xor B”.

## XOR gate symbol

The logic symbol of the XOR gate is shown in figure 1.

## XOR gate truth table

The **XOR gate truth table** for figure 1 is shown below.

A |
B |
Y = A ⊕ B |

0 | 0 | 0 |

0 | 1 | 1 |

1 | 0 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 0 |

From XOR gate truth table, it can be concluded that the output will be logical 1 or high when a number of true inputs is odd.

Y = A ⊕ B

Y = =

The above algebraic expression represent the XOR gate with inputs A and B.

**Note:**

### XOR gate using OR, AND, and NOT gate

To produce XOR gate using OR, AND, and NOT gate, the gates are joined together as shown in figure 2.

### XOR gate using NOR gate

To produce XOR gate using 4 NOR gates, the NOR gates are connected as shown in fig. 3.

To produce XOR gate using 5 NOR gates, the NOR gates are connected as shown in fig. 3.

### XOR gate using NAND gate

To produce XOR gate using 4 NAND gates, the NAND gates are connected as shown in fig. 5.

To produce XOR gate using 5 NAND gates, the NAND gates are connected as shown in fig. 6.