1. Kirchhoff’s voltage laws are not applicable to circuits with

- distributed parameters
- lumped parameters
- passive elements
- non-linear resistances

2. The algebraic sum of voltages in any closed path of network is equal to

- infinity
- zero
- two
- one

3. Which network analysis states that the algebraic sum of voltage on a closed-loop is zero?

- cramers method
- nodal method of analysis
- loop current method of analysis
- current sources in loop current method of analysis

4. Kirchhoff’s voltage law is concerned with

- IR drop
- battery e.m.f.
- junction voltage
- both (a) and (b)

5. Kirchhoff’s first and second laws are respectively based on conservation of

- energy and charge
- charge and energy
- mass and charge
- mass and energy

6. According to Kirchhoff’s voltage law, the algebraic sum of all IR drops and e.m.f.s in any closed loop of a network is always

- negative
- positive
- determined by battery e.m.f.s
- zero

7. According to KCL as applied to a junction in a network of conductors

- total sum of currents meeting at the junction is zero
- no current can leave the junction without some current entering it
- net current flow at the junction is positive
- algebraic sum of the currents meeting at the junction is zero

8. Kirchhoff’s current law at a junction deals with

- conservation of energy
- conservation of momentum
- conservation of angular momentum
- conservation of charge

9. Kirchhoff’s voltage laws are not applicable to circuits with

- distributed parameters
- lumped parameters
- passive elements
- non-linear resistances

10. Kirchhoff’s voltage law is known as

- conservation of charge
- conservation of energy
- both
- none

11. Kirchhoff’s second law is based on law of conservation of

- charge
- energy
- momentum
- mass

12. Kirchhoff’s law is applicable to

- passive networks only
- a.c. networks only
- d.c. networks only
- both a.c. and d.c. circuits

13. Mesh analysis is based on

- Kirchhoff’s voltage law
- Kirchhoff’s current law
- law of conservation of momentum
- law of conservation of energy

14. Kirchhoff’s voltage law applied to circuit with

- linear circuit
- non-linear circuit
- linear, non-linear, active and passive elements
- linear, non-linear, active, passive time-variant as well as time invariant elements

15. Kirchhoff’s law states that in a closed loop of a circuit

- that total current, algebraically summed is zero
- the algebraic sum of the potential differences
- components are zero
- none of these

16. (Kirchhoff’s current law) KCL is applicable only to

- closed loops in a network
- electronic circuits
- junction in a network
- electric circuit

17. The nodal method of circuit analysis is based on

- KVL and Ohm’s law
- KCL and Ohm’s law
- KCL and KVL
- KCL, KVL and Ohm’s law