The 1-Phase and 3-Phase Induction Motor is compared based on the factors such as power factor, efficiency, maintenance, supply, starting torque, applications, etc.
|Features||1-Phase Induction Motor||3-Phase Induction Motor|
|Supply||Works on 1-phase supply||Works on 3-phase supply|
|Maintenance||They are easy to repair and maintain.||Difficult to repair and maintain.|
|Construction||Simple and easier to construct||More complicated to construct|
|Reliability||More reliable||Less reliable|
|Types||1. Split phase induction motor
2. Capacitor start inductor motor
3. Capacitor start capacitor run induction motor
4. Shaded pole induction motor
|1. Squirrel cage induction motor
2. Slip ring induction motor or wound induction motor or phase wound induction motor
|Applications||household appliances like vacuum cleaner, fans, washing machine, centrifugal pump, blowers, washing machine, small toys, etc.||Three-phase induction motors are widely used in industrial and commercial drives because they are rugged, reliable and economical.|
Note: The 1-Phase Induction motor is not self-starting motor while 3-phase induction motor is a self-starting motor.