Q. Write an 8085 program and draw a flowchart to Subtract two 16-bit numbers along with considering the borrow.(8085 Microprocessor Program)

Flowchart/Algorithm

 

Program

Address Mnemonics Operand Opcode Comments
2000 LHLD 3000 H 2A Load H-L pair with data from 3000H
2001 00
2002 30
2003 XCHG EB Exchange data from H-L pair with D-E
2004 LHLD 3002 H 2A Load H-L pair with data from 3002 H
2005 02
2006 30
2007 MVI B, 00 H 06 Move 0 H to B
2008 00
2009 MVI C, 00 H 0E Move 0 H to C
200A 00
200B MOV A, E 7B Move lower order of 1st no. to A
200C SUB L 95 Subtract lower order L from A
200D JNC 2011 H D2 Jump to2011 H if there is no borrow
200E 0F
200F 20
2010 INR C 0C If borrow, then increment C
2011 MOV E, A 5F Move lower order back to E
2012 MOV A, D 7A Move higher order of 1st no. to A
2013 SUB C 91 First, subtract borrow from A
2014 SUB H 94 Now, subtract higher order from A
2015 JNC 2019 H D2 Jump to 2019 H if there is no borrow
2016 19
2017 20
2018 INR B 04 If borrow, increment B
2019 MOV D, A 57 Move higher order back to D
201A XCHG EB Exchange the result from D-E with H-L
201B SHLD 3004 H 22 Store the result at location 3004 H
201C 04
201D 30
201E MOV A, B 78 Move borrow to A
201F STA 3006 H 32 Store borrow at location 3006 H
2020 06
2021 30
2022 HLT 76 Halt

Output

Before Execution:

3000: 02 H
3001: 02 H
3002: 04 H
3003: 04 H

After Execution:

3004: FE H
3005: FD H
3006: 01 H

The result is in 2’s complement form.

Program to Subtract two 16-bit numbers with the borrow

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