Lower triangular matrix is a square matrix whose upper off-diagonal elements are zero. It is usually denoted by the capital letter ‘L‘.
A square matrix Q = [xij] is said to be lower triangular matrix (LTM) if xij = 0 when i < j.
Note: In this matrix, the diagonal and/or lower off-diagonal elements may or may not be zero.
Lower triangular matrix examples
The example of LTM of order 3 (or matrix size is 3 x 3) is given below.
The example of LTM of order 2 (or matrix size is 2 x 2) is given below.
Lower triangular matrix determinant
The determinant of a lower triangular matrix is the product of its diagonal elements.
Let us understand by taking an example. Suppose L is a lower triangular matrix given as
Then the determinant of this matrix L is calculated as the product of the diagonal elements. Here, in this case, the diagonal elements are 4, 3 and 2. So the determinant is equal to 4 × 3 × 2 = 24.
i.e. |L| = 4 × 3 × 2 = 24