Both of them are very popular in their fields of work among coders and have evolved immensely since the early days. Every aspiring software developer should be familiar with both the language. So let’s find out more about these two and get an idea on how they differ from each other.
|The object-oriented programming language used primarily for server-side programming.||The scripting language used specifically for client-side programming.|
|Developed at Sun Microsystems in 1995||Developed by Netscape in 1995|
|Concepts of class and objects are used||No such concepts are available|
|Reusability of code is possible||Reusability of code is not possible|
|Uses a .java extension||Uses a .js extension|
|Two-stage debugging||Run-time debugging|
|Requires a Java virtual machine to execute the code||Requires a web browser to execute|
|It has multithreading capabilities||Has no multithreading support|
|Java code needs to compiled into byte-code.||Requires no compilation prior|
|It is more powerful and much more secure||Provide very less security|
|Static language||Dynamic language|
What is Java programming language?
Java is an object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in the 1990s and has its roots from C/C++. Java code is written in an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) and can be run on any Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
Java is compiled before it can be run, any problems or errors with the code quickly becomes visible and can be corrected. This makes Java extremely robust. Java is mainly useful for programming real-time scenarios and developing such applications. It can be used to develop high-performance parallel and distributed systems.
Java is highly portable and one can find many skilled developers in this language. It allows one to form reusable code and standard programs.
Java is open-source and thus available for free to users. Its popularity has contributed many skilled coders to society. If any coder would ever get stuck while coding he/she could receive help from many fellow java coders. Java provides the best security to data as compared to other open-source programming languages.
Java has automated memory management, thus ridding us from the time consuming manual memory management. However, programmers tend to complain about the memory space it takes.
Though java can be used for web applications it is mostly popular for the server-side applications. Java is extremely user-friendly and can be used for almost coding almost anything.
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