Difference between AI and IoT

We have witnessed a huge revolution in technology ever since mankind came into existence. Technology has come along a long way and we all are experiencing it in some or another way. Technological advancements in the fields of IT industries, civil aviation, space, constructions, comfort in daily life have all made it incredible. May it be the transition from black and white TV box to flat 1 cm LED television, from computers to laptops, tablets, from keypad handset to smartphones, all these are considered as a boon to man.

Now, if we talk about the current technologies prevailing over the globe then the name of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT) will surely be highlighted. These technologies are the most trending and sweeping the world of the digital era. So let us dive into the above-mentioned technologies and see the actual difference between AI and IoT.

AI vs IoT

The difference between AI and IoT is summarised in the following table.

AI is the intelligence of the machine. IoT is the interconnection of devices over the internet.
The machine acts and performs the task as humans. The machine does not perform the task as humans.
No need for human intervention IoT uses human intervention
Includes self-learning component Does not include a self-learning component
AI is independent of IoT IoT is dependent on AI
AI projects include data gathering and software-related stuff. They are more costly. IoT projects are generally related to device gathering like hardware, connectivity equipment. They are less costly.
As AI projects are more complicated and interconnected they have slightly fewer chances of success. As IoT projects are less complicated and show less dependency, they have slightly more chances of success.
As everything is machine-based, there are many dependencies on the machine. Comparatively less dependency on machines.
Applications are spam filters, face recognition, speech recognition, email categorization, etc. Applications are enhancing securities, improving health care services, smart cities management, etc.

What is AI?

Now, as the name suggests, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of the artificial system termed as a machine. In simple words, the intelligence of the machines. We humans are called the natural source of intelligence, as we can act, move, respond to challenges, feel emotions and take decisions. Similarly, when machines imitate human behaviour to respond and apply human intelligence, it is termed artificial intelligence.

The term AI was officially introduced in early 1956. Herbert Simon and Allen Newell created the first artificial intelligence program. Since then the growth of AI is rapidly increasing. The recent advancements in technologies have given a boost to the applications of AI.

Let us see how an AI program works:

AI has two components:

  1. Where basic logic and programs are written and fed to the software.
  2. Where machine learning and deep learning techniques are used to build complex algorithms. Specifically, intelligence-based response algorithm.

AI needs a lot of data. This data is then processed and trained in such a way that it can even deal with uncertain conditions. This is the major difference between AI and normal programming. In general programming, we define certain functions in libraries and then use them accordingly. But as said earlier, this is not the case with AI, it trains the program and follows the learning component by improving on its own eventually.

It has wide applications in the face, handwriting, speech recognition, in flights as AI autopilots, and many real-life examples.

What is IoT?

Internet of Things, as the name suggests, appliances or devices connected wirelessly over the internet. IoT is an emerging technology with surprising advancements and applications in real life. IoT is a field where we get instant outputs and comfort in performing daily tasks. For example, we can control the on and off of the switches and AC’s while we are on travel.

One of the advantages of IoT is that many devices can be connected to the host device so that they can share data. IoT has a wide range of applications in managing and improving healthcare devices, security, energy consumption, etc.

Nowadays MNC’s and tech companies are demanding experts under AI and IoT-based programs.

These technologies have changed the perspective and standard of living. We all use them at different levels in our lives.

These were some points to be included while considering the differences between AI and IoT. Hope you found them interesting.

Shraddha Changune
SVKM’s Institute of Technology, Dhule


1. https://www.upgrad.com/blog/iot-vs-ai/
2. https://www.tantiv4.com/insights/iot-big-stories/the-difference-between-iot-ai-and-ml

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