Advantages & Disadvantages of Different Batteries

The advantages and limitations of different battery storage are given below

S.No. Battery Storage System Advantages Limitations
1 Li-ion 1. It has a high specific energy

2. Light Weight

3. High Cycle life

1. Costly

2. Need Battery Management System

3. No establishes system for recycling

2 NiCd 1. Low cost

2. It is easily stored and doesn’t damage under most normal circumstances.

3. low temperatures do not usually affect the NiCd.

1. low energy density.

2. NiCd battery does contain toxic metals.

3. Memory effect — the NiCd must periodically be exercised to prevent memory.

3 NiMH 1. higher energy density compared to the NiCd.

2. NiMH contains no toxic metals.

3. Less prone to memory than the NiCd.

1. Less life cycle.

2. Limited discharge current.

3. High self-discharge.

4. High maintenance


4 Lead Acid 1. Inexpensive and simple to manufacture.

2. Mature, reliable and well-understood technology.

3. Low self-discharge.

4.Low maintenance requirements

5. Capable of high discharge rates.

1. Cannot be stored in a discharged condition.

2. Low energy density.

3. Allows only a limited number of full discharge cycles.

4. Environmentally unfriendly.

5. Thermal runaway can occur with improper charging.

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