An involutory matrix is a square matrix which when multiplied by itself, gives the resultant matrix as identity matrix. In other words, matrix B is called involutory if B2 = I. Here I is the identity matrix having size same as of matrix B.
Involutory matrix Examples
The examples of 2 x 2 involutory matrices are
The examples of 3 x 3 involutory matrices are
How to check whether a matrix is involutory matrix or not?
We can easily check whether a matrix is involutory or not. For this, check the square of a matrix is the identity matrix or not i.e. B2 = I, where B is a matrix and I is the identity matrix. If this condition is satisfied then the matrix is involutory. If the condition is not satisfied then the matrix is not involutory.